Tuesday, September 27, 2022

A Visit From CERA

On Saturday, the Central Electric Railfans Association visited IRM. For the occasion, we brought out a trio of cars they had expressed an interest in, and each made a round trip. Neither my father nor I were out on Saturday, but fortunately Zach Ehlers and Bill Wulfert have both sent in some photos of the festivities. We'll start with Zach's collection.

The 319 stands at 50th to load passengers. The CERA folks brought along that neat "drumhead" style metal sign, which I believe is pretty historic in its own right. For whatever reason, it was designed to hang on a CA&E headlight bracket, but had to be chained up on the other cars.
The 1754 was, of course, a highlight. It looks gorgeous next to the matching elevated station.
And the 160 was popular, too, having just been released back into revenue operation with a fully restored interior one week previous.
The 160 made a photo stop at the Seeman Road platform, shown here. Zach served as conductor on all three trips, while Joel - visible at right - was motorman. Other shop guys were in charge of switching cars around so that the next car out was always ready to go.
Another shot of the 160. Joel pointed out that in its final years, the North Shore was subject to "headlights on, day or night" rules, but the CA&E went out before those took effect and never ran with headlights in the daytime.

And then we have a collection of photos from Bill Wulfert:
It was Bus Day on Saturday, in addition to being the occasion of a CERA visit, so several trolley buses and a couple of motor buses were in operation. Here, the 1754 is staged on the 50th Avenue west track with the Milwaukee Marmon-Herrington parked alongside Railroad Avenue in the background. With the completion of repainting work on CTA 9631, the next trolley bus in line for professional exterior restoration is this one: Milwaukee 441. A group of generous donors is funding this imminent effort.
The 1754 passes the substation on the return from its mainline trip.
One of our oldest 'L' cars, the 1754, sits across the platform from a pair of our newest, the 2200s.
The 1754 was fully decked out with markers, and of course wore the CERA roundel in its turn.

Monday, September 26, 2022

Switching Barn 4

Frank writes...


Sunday afternoon was a day of switching, as part of the project to empty out the east half of Barn 4 for track rebuilding work and - eventually - extension of the building east.
When I arrived, the fun was just getting started. Here we see the 25-tonner, run by Jeron, pulling the L4 out of track 41 headed east. The L4 is in Barn 4 on a short-term basis for center bearing replacement and installation of a rebuilt motor, which between them will allow it to go back into revenue service.
And here's a view looking into the barn from the pit, showing all of track 41 and the eastern half of track 42 empty.
The next car out was the 757, heretofore located at the southwest corner of the barn on track 43, which ran out under its own power. The end windows on this car have been replaced, and current work is focusing on building new side doors.
Zach Ehlers, the car's project manager, sends along this photo of the 757 at Electric Park.
Next out the door was the 306. It was exciting to see this car out in the daylight for the first time since its roof was rebuilt, and since the arched windows started to get hung. I spoke with John briefly about how he is attaching those big arched window frames. This car will be a real beauty! It was switched around the car line and then brought in on track 41, where it was placed at the west end of track 41 inside the barn.
Behind the 306 on track 43 was the 65. It's nearly ready to run again, following its own roof canvas replacement job, but a few wires have yet to be hooked up so the diesel towed it as well. Jon and Norm were on hand to keep an eye on things and help with the move.
And the final car on track 43 was Cleveland PCC 4223, which is having its trucks and motors rebuilt as well as having wiring run under the floor. Like the 306, it was turned around on the car line and put back into Barn 4 on track 41. The other two cars that had been on track 43, the 757 and 65, were moved into barns 6 and 8, respectively.
Here we are looking down track 43 from the west end of the barn, with the 1808 and 460 on the left. When I snapped this photo, there were only three cars inside Barn 4: the aforementioned pair and the 306 out of sight to the left. I wonder when the last time was that the barn held this few cars?
While these switch moves were happening, some donors dropped off the above toolbox that had belonged to their great uncle, Thomas Brady, who had worked as a machinist for the railroad (we believe the Rio Grande) in Denver back in the middle of the century. Our own volunteer machinist, Doodlbug Bob, has started going through the toolbox and has found a number of unusual and useful items we can use. Many thanks to donors Debbie and Laurie!

The reason that track 43 needed to be cleared out is that all of the storage reefers located east of the barn on this track need to be extracted by pulling them through the barn and out the west end. The easternmost two cars in the string are being permanently relocated, while the other three will be returned to spots in Yard 4 East once the track is rebuilt. As far as we know, none of those five cars has moved since about 1985. So following the switch moves, I spent a while removing "stuff" from underneath the reefer closest to Barn 4 so that the car can be moved in the coming weeks. Most of what I pulled out was scrap metal - C-channel sections, random pieces of steel plate, other junk. Boy, I'm glad we've been holding onto this stuff.
I briefly helped Jeron and Nathan, who were moving some of the storage reefers around. Two of the 40' Swift ice bunker reefers are shown above on the ladder track.
Then, with all of the switching done, it was on to the next project: dropping the rebuilt motors into the rebuilt truck for the 1754. Here, you can see one of the motors mostly lowered down to the truck, right outside the door on track 41.
Part of the motor installation crew: Bob, Nick, Zach, and Mikey.
Zach took this photo and sent it along of a few of us working on getting axle cap bolts put in. That's Nick and me at the bottom, with Doodlebug Bob, Mikey, and Brian up top.
With the first motor in the truck, Greg brings over the second motor using the forklift. Joel is on the truck, with Bob helping guide the forklift and Brian supervising.
By the time both motors were securely in the truck, night was falling. Here's Bob, Nick, Brian, Joel, and Greg at work wrapping things up. Then after dinner, Nick and I got the 18's roll sign gearbox installed on the car. We tried to install the sign, but it turns out that when I put the rollers back together, the assembly was about 1/16" too long to fit into the car - oops. So I'll fix that and then we'll have another go at putting the sign in the box.

Friday, September 23, 2022

Doerr Photo Collection

More photos have been added to the Doerr Photo Collection that was donated a few weeks ago. Photos #090 through #109 are new, including what I believe (?) is a welded rail train on the C&NW and various photos of our equipment as it looked back in the 1980s. Enjoy!

Thursday, September 22, 2022

Thursday Report

 Another busy Thursday gives us several different views of activity in the car shop.

Mike was working on parts for the 1808, as usual, and here he is at the sandblaster, cleaning up seat frame pedestals.


Bill was working on various L car parts during the day.  Here he is touching up the Glyptal on one of the rebuilt traction motors for the 1754.


Here's a view of the commutator on the other motor.


Meanwhile, out on the wash track Gregg was cleaning up the 160 for the CERA visit on Saturday.  I also spent some time making sure the 319 was ready for its run.


And Tim spent all day making new wood parts for the 1808:






I finished tacking the canvas on the 460 and started ironing out the wrinkles.  More ironing will be needed at the ends, but I'm about ready to start painting the canvas.


And it's time once again for Bus Day at the railway museum.  That's this Saturday, the 24th.  Here you can see the trolley buses lined up in preparation.  If you're a bus fan, you won't want to miss it.


Wednesday, September 21, 2022

East St. Louis Columbia & Waterloo


The East St. Louis Columbia & Waterloo Railway
by Stephen M. Scalzo

Headline image: Car 4 is shown at an unknown location and date, though this is surely in the first year or two of the EStLC&W's life, with a company outing. This is the only photo on hand that shows one of the deck roof cars and one of the short-lived railroad roof combines, barely visible at the right edge, operating alongside each other. All photos are from the Stephen Scalzo Collection of the Illinois Railway Museum except where noted.

Waterloo, the county seat, and Columbia were two farm communities in Monroe County, Illinois, located 22 and 14 miles respectively south of East St. Louis, which was a lively industrial suburb located at the east approach of the Eads Bridge over the Mississippi River from St. Louis. As the St. Louis and East St. Louis industry grew, people from outlying areas moved to the metropolitan area for employment. By 1906, it had become evident that a more convenient means of transportation beside the Mobile & Ohio Railroad steam passenger service was needed.

The East St. Louis & Suburban Railway system soon consolidated the local streetcar system in East St. Louis with the interurban lines radiating to the north and east to Alton, Belleville, Collinsville, Edwardsville, Granite city, Lebanon, and O'Fallon. However, that system had little interest in extending trackage to the smaller, less populated area to the south of East St. Louis. The Illinois Traction System built its trackage from its own Mississippi River bridge crossing to the north and east. It became apparent that if the communities south of East St. Louis wanted better transportation, the people in Monroe County would have to build a system.

On August 31, 1906, the East St. Louis Columbia & Waterloo Railway Company was incorporated with $10,000 capital raised by Columbia and Waterloo interests. Arrangements were made for the construction of the system to Waterloo, with further plans to extend to Cairo via Red Bud, Sparta, and Murphysboro. However, the raising of sufficient capital for constructing the trackage would take six years. By July 1908, enough money was gathered to start surveying, and the route was laid out. It was determined that there were not many engineering problems, as most of the line would be built in flat flood plains, except for the hills into Columbia. Three steel bridges were needed to cross over steam railroads.

The capital stock of the company was increased to $750,000 in 1909, and all but five shares were sold to the Merchants and Manufacturing Investment Company, thus solving financing problems. The acquisition of the right-of-way began and contracts were awarded for the purchase of rail and construction of the bridges. In February of 1909, the company applied to the East St. Louis city council for a franchise to build trackage on 19th Street from the southern city limits to Bond Street to connect with the East St. Louis Railway tracks.

Construction of the line was scheduled to begin in May of 1909, but difficulties in obtaining the right-of-way held up work considerably, and it was not until May 1911 that actual construction began. Although a construction crew was put to work at the East St. Louis end in late July 1911, only about 3,000 feet of trackage was built. Construction of the steel trestle over the Illinois Central Railroad near the East St. Louis city limits was started by the George C. Smith and Sons Company (that company also constructed the other two bridges). In late August 1911, grading commenced on the right-of-way by the J.A. Ware Construction Company through the rural area south of East St. Louis, and construction continued in earnest throughout the winter of 1911-12 (interrupted for short periods due to the weather). Trackage construction was completed on Main Street in Columbia during the end of 1911.

The EStLC&W had several sizable bridges. This may be the bridge over the M&O northwest of Columbia, about where today Route 3 intersects Palmer Road.

In February of 1912, as construction progressed, trackage rights were obtained over the East St. Louis Railway from the city limits across the Eads Bridge to the foot of Washington Street in St. Louis. The Westinghouse Electric Company received the contract for the installation of the electrical equipment with which interurbans would operate; transmission wires could carry 13,200-volt, three-phase, 25-cycle alternating current, and the substations would convert the power to 600-volt direct current power that would be fed to the overhead. No powerhouse was built because electricity for the overhead was to be purchased from the East St. Louis & Suburban Railway Company. Construction of the company's offices and carbarn was started in March of 1912 at 19th and Baker Streets in East St. Louis.

On May 24, 1912, the first interurban operated over the 11 miles of trackage from the 19th Street and Bond Avenue station (several blocks from the business district) in East St. Louis to Dupo. The first three interurbans, built for the Alton Jacksonville & Peoria interurban system, were of heavy construction for double-ended operation, with railroad roofs. However, those original interurbans were soon replaced with streetcar-type interurbans that were not constructed of the usual heavy suburban standards because of the need for lightweight equipment that could operate across the Eads Bridge into St. Louis. The old interurbans were then sold to the Nipissing Central Railway in Canada. No fares were collected as an introductory gesture until June 1, when the five interurbans of the company began half-hour schedules with a 10-cent fare (it cost an additional five cents to transfer to an East St. Louis streetcar or an additional 10 cents to cross the Eads Bridge).

Handsome car 20 was one of the heavy combines built for the Alton Jacksonville & Peoria and used only briefly by the EStLC&W. The location is unknown; the car may be pulling out of one of the line's handful of stub terminal tracks or this could be at the carbarn in East St. Louis.

Construction of the right-of-way, trackage, and overhead continued south toward Columbia. Steam locomotive work trains were used to deliver bridge material for the steel viaduct at Millstadt Junction over the Mobile & Ohio Railroad northwest of Columbia, and that construction was completed in July of 1912. After the substation was completed in Dupo, which housed two rotary converters, interurban service was extended to Columbia on August 12, 1912, with an additional 10-cent fare being charged from Dupo to Columbia.

Four of the line's five deck roof interurban cars are lined up on Main Street at Kunz Street in Columbia on August 27, 1912, to celebrate the opening of the line to that city.

To celebrate the opening of the line into Columbia, the company sponsored an all-day picnic in Jones Park in East St. Louis on August 27 in cooperation with the East St. Louis & Suburban Railway, with through interurbans being operated that day directly to and from the park for a 30-cent round trip fare. In the fall of 1911, daily express service was inaugurated between East St. Louis and Columbia, and it quickly became popular; the rate was 10 to 15 cents per cwt, which was considerably cheaper than that offered by the steam railroads.

Construction progressed on the line south to Waterloo during 1912. Steam work trains began operating to Rohm carrying steel for the viaduct over the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, and work began on the second substation (which would house two rotary converters) at Lutz near Rapps Station that was located on the Gilmore Lake Road between Columbia and Waterloo. The first interurban operated into Waterloo on December 18 carrying freight for two local businessmen. On December 20, interurban number 2 entered Waterloo to commence the 22 miles of passenger service from East St. Louis. At first, only seven round trips were made daily between East St. Louis and Waterloo, with interurbans operating every 80 minutes on Sundays. However, after the Lutz substation was completed, 80-minute daily service was offered effective January 19, 1913. Construction of the line to Waterloo cost about $850,000.

Car 2 is shown on the first day of service to Waterloo, December 20, 1912.

It's December 20, 1912, and we're at the northwest corner of Courthouse Square in Waterloo, looking northeast as car 5 prepares to depart for East St. Louis. The building in the right background still stands.

On June 26, 1913, the company was operating seven daily round trips with hourly service that had been extended to Third Street and Broadway in East St. Louis, where a stub track was constructed south from Broadway onto Third Street so that the interurbans could terminate their runs. The new arrangement eliminated the need for passengers to transfer to the local streetcars to reach the East St. Louis business district. After that, patronage increased dramatically.

During 1913 the company put into service three more heavy interurbans [sic], two trailers, and one express car. Sunday crowds, especially in the evening, required additional tripper service. Carload freight service was also instituted, and during 1913-1914, a number of industrial tracks were built in Waterloo, Columbia, and Dupo. Express car number 501, capable of pulling 10 to 15 freight cars, began operating in mid-1913. To improve safety along the line, two sets of signals were installed during 1913-1914 to protect two long sections of curving trackage on each side of Columbia.

Car 1 is at the same location as the previous photo, Main Street just north of Mill Street in downtown Waterloo. This photo may also date to December 20, 1912, or sometime shortly thereafter.

No historical information at all exists concerning line car 100, which was obviously a rebuilt single-truck streetcar from somewhere. The location is Main Street along the west side of Courthouse Square in Waterloo; all of the buildings in the background are still there.

In September 1913, 90-minute service was instituted to replace the 60-minute service that had been provided throughout that summer, with hourly service on Sunday. Sixty-minute service was resumed during the summer of 1914. However, on October 25, 1914, a permanent 90-minute headway with 14 round trips was adopted, with additional service being handled by trailers and trippers. On June 5, 1915, interurban service was extended over the Eads Bridge into St. Louis. As a result of the extension of service and subsequent patronage boom, the company was able to increase all employees' wages by 2.5 cents an hour on January 1, 1917.

Business steadily improved into 1920. Express revenue of $17,331 in 1920 was more than triple that of 1914. Patronage of 612,842 in 1923 was about double the number carried in 1913. Sidings were built to various coal yards and breweries in Columbia and Waterloo, and between 1914 and 1924 freight revenues grew to $37,857. Freight traffic as a bridge carrier bolstered passenger earnings, and the system connected with the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis, the Alton & Southern Railroad, and the Mobile & Ohio Railroad that it crossed, offering an attractive bypass route for certain movements. By 1924 the company grossed $221,568. Ownership changed hands when a St. Louis syndicate, headed by Charles H. Lamp, purchased the company from the Merchants and Manufacturing Investment Company for $325,000.

Car 5 stands ready to take on passengers on the west side of Courthouse Square in Waterloo. Annoyingly, every single one of the EStLC&W photos in the Scalzo Collection appears to date from the first year or two of the line's history. There are no pictures at all of the company's later years.

It's unfortunate this photo is so damaged; otherwise it is a very good photo of car 4 in service. Location and date are unknown.

With the concrete paving of Illinois Highway 3 between East St. Louis and Waterloo in 1925, passenger business fell rapidly and the economic health of the company deteriorated. Expenses in that period of economic inflation could not be cut enough to compensate for lost revenue. The company lost money in 1926, and after that it never made a profit. In 1929, the St. Louis Red Bud and Chester Motor Bus Corporation extended bus service from Waterloo to East St. Louis. As a result, passenger revenues dropped off so severely that all hope for recovery was lost. Ridership dropped from a 1923 peak of 612,842 to 222,482 in 1931.

Express service was also affected by Illinois Highway 3. Competing truck lines took away so much of the parcel freight business that revenue in 1928 was less than $1,000. Application was made during the summer of 1929 to the Illinois Commerce Commission to drop all express service, with permission being granted on November 5. Carload freight revenues remained high and profitable during that period, so the company decided to concentrate on that aspect of the business. A small amount of revenue was also realized from a 1926 contract with the Post Office to carry mail between St. Louis and Waterloo, and that service remained until 1932.

Bus competition and the continued use of the automobile, plus the economic problems of the Depression, worsened the situation. Despite schemes that lowered fares and sped up service, the passenger loss could not be halted. When the competing bus line applied in March of 1932 to extend service into St. Louis, the company decided not to oppose the petition, and instead applied for permission to drop passenger service. Permission was granted quickly, and the last interurban to carry passengers operated on June 1, 1932.

With the abandonment of passenger service, freight service continued. Carload freight continued unchanged, except that the trackage rights agreement with the East St. Louis Railway was cancelled. However freight revenue, while increasing a small amount, could not cover the cost of operations during the Depression. Bankruptcy was declared on October 31, 1934, but losses continued to grow. On December 31, the company claimed to have only $191 in cash on hand to pay bills totaling $40,000. Earnings declined from a 1929 peak of $221,568 to $22,087 (-$8891 net) by 1936. The company had no alternative at the beginning of 1936 but to apply for abandonment. After hearings were held at which little interest was shown by anyone in the continuation of service, permission was granted on April 11 and all service was terminated on August 1, 1936.

In order to raise money to pay off the company's debts, all property was sold at public auction on June 29, 1936. Most of the right-of-way was sold to Monroe County for $16,000, and the land was used to straighten Highway 3. The rail, overhead wires, car shed, stations, and rolling stock were sold to Joseph Schonthal Company of Columbus, Ohio, for scrap or resale for $58,000, and the system was dismantled shortly after service was terminated. However, the $74,000 realized from that sale barely covered half of the $145,000 that the company owed. The rails in city streets remained until World War II, at which time they were removed for the war effort.

This article was edited and laid out by Frank Hicks. Thanks to Ray and Julie Piesciuk and to Richard Schauer for making available the materials from the Stephen Scalzo Collection that were used to publish this history.


Equipment Roster
This is not a complete roster

Cars 20-22 (three cars) - DE DT RR interurban combines - built 1911 by American (order #892) - Brill 27MCB2 trucks - built for Alton Jacksonville & Peoria but never delivered, acquired by EStLC&W in 1911, resold by EStLC&W to Nipissing Central Railway as their 22, 24, and 26

Cars 1-5 (five cars) - DE DT DR interurban coaches - built 1911 by American (order #924) - Brill 27MCB1 trucks

Car 200 (one car) - DE DT AR baggage/express motor - built 1912 by American (order #945)

Cars 30-31 (two cars) - DE DT RR open trailers - built 1913 by American (order #996) - Brill 27MCB2 trucks - 14-bench wire-side trailers

Car 501 (one car) - express car - acquired 1913

Car 1 is shown in a lopped-off builder's photo.

Car 2 is in Waterloo on the first day of service there.

Heavy combine 21 is shown in operation at the same unknown location as the earlier photo of sister car 20.


Timetables

A June 1913 souvenir timetable has been made available online at this website and is a wonderful view into the railway and the communities it served in the years before World War I.

By September 1913, the line was on its fifth timetable. Travel from Waterloo to the terminal in East St. Louis took an hour and 15 minutes.

Service in 1923 had been sped up slightly; a trip over the entire line still took an hour and 15 minutes, but now included a journey over the Eads Bridge into St. Louis itself.

The date of this timetable is uncertain; a handwritten note includes the date May 4, 1932, but that is far from certain to be accurate. Whatever the date, service has been sped up yet again, with some trips making the journey from Waterloo to St. Louis in an hour and five minutes.


Route Map


The carbarn, pictured on page 3 of the 1913 souvenir timetable linked in the previous section, was a sizable brick structure located on the north corner of 19th and Baker in East St. Louis. It survived into the 1950s. It's shown in this Sanborn Fire Insurance map, drawn sometime after the interurban line was abandoned and the building was purchased by a boiler company. Northwest is top, northeast is right.